Szabó Bálint Budapesti Muszaki és Gazdaságtudományi Egyetem Közlekedésmérnöki Kar Gépjármuvek Tanszék, TÖBBTÖMEGU KERÉKMODELL FEJLESZTÉSE A GUMI DEFORMÁCIÓJÁNAK SZIMULÁLÁSÁHOZ HOSSZ- ÉS KERESZTIRÁNYÚ MEGCSÚSZÁS ESETÉN

Road vehicles are equipped with pneumatic tires for two main reasons. First, due to their elasticity the tires can absorb the high frequency vibrations; the second purpose is the adhesion. To analyse the motion of a tired vehicle, this deformation effect must be considered. If we are only interested in longitudinal and lateral motions and deformations, the vertical effects can be ignored. The simplest solution is to model the wheel as a multi-body system. The wheel rim is a rigid body, which has mass and inertia around its vertical axis. Although the tire is a continuum, it can be discretised along its circumference. The tire is represented by tire elements, which are mass points. These tire elements are connected to each other and to the wheel rim with springs and dampers. Friction force arises as well on that tire elements which are in the contact patch; therefore that elements are gripped on the ground. If we know all the spring forces, damping forces, friction forces and outer forces, then writing up the differential equations of the bodies, we are able to compute the motion functions using an appropriate numerical solver. With the above described method we can simulate the wheel sliding motion due to different forces and torques acting on it. Both the trajectory of the wheel and the deformation of the tire can be plotted and analysed. Various simulations can be made with different friction coefficient, mass, or stiffness.